Remember These Battles And Those Who Fought & Died To Bring Emancipation To Texas On “Juneteenth”.

Featured Image above:  Joshua Chamberlain, an anti-slavery college professor turned general leads his exhausted men in a bayonet charge at Gettysburg when they ran out of ammunition. That Civil War battle, like most, was fought after the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863.

The new federal holiday of “Juneteenth” celebrates the liberation of black slaves in Texas on June 19, 1865.  That was almost two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.

Why the delay?  Only those few today who were taught our nation’s history know the obvious reason.  Most whites in eleven southern states fought a bitter war to keep most blacks who lived there as slaves. It took a Union army and navy of 2.1 million men four long years to defeat them.  Roughly 1.9 million, or 91% of those Union soldiers and sailors were white.  Roughly 178,000, or 9% were black.

Roughly 350,000 of those men were killed in battle, or died from cold, hunger, or disease.  Roughly 310,000 (89%) of those who died were white.  Roughly 40,000 (11%) were black.  Many more were crippled or disfigured.

Most of them fought and died after President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.  Southern whites did not surrender or free their slaves when President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.  On the contrary, the South fought even harder.  Most battles, injuries, and deaths during the Civil War took place AFTER President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.  Below is a list of the major battles that then took place:

December 31, 1862 –
January 2, 1863
Battle of Stones River
(Second Battle of Murfreesboro)
Tennessee A Union Bragg forced to withdraw after losing 11,739 men.
January 1, 1863 Battle of Galveston
(Second Battle of Galveston)
Texas B Confederate John B. Magruder expels occupying Union troops from Galveston, Texas.
January 8, 1863 Second Battle of Springfield Missouri D Union Confederates enter town, but are unable to take nearby fort.
January 9, 1863 Battle of Arkansas Post (Battle of Fort Hindman) Arkansas C Union Part of Vicksburg Campaign, fight for control of mouth of Arkansas River.
January 9–11, 1863 Battle of Hartville Missouri D Confederate Confederates are victorious, but unable to continue raid.
January 29, 1863 Bear River Massacre Idaho
(Washington Territory at the time)
C Union American Indian Wars: Shoshone forces massacred by Union troops.
February 3, 1863 Battle of Dover Tennessee D Union Failed Confederate attack on town.
March 5, 1863 Battle of Fort McAllister (1863) Georgia C Confederate Confederate forces held off Union Naval sieges
March 5, 1863 Battle of Thompson’s Station Tennessee C Confederate Earl Van Dorn defeats John Coburn
March 13–15, 1863 Battle of Fort Anderson North Carolina D Union Daniel H. Hill leads unsuccessful Confederate attack on New Bern.
March 17, 1863 Battle of Kelly’s Ford Virginia C Confederate Indecisive cavalry battle during Civil War.
March 20, 1863 Battle of Vaught’s Hill Tennessee D Union Union forces withstand attack by John Hunt Morgan‘s Confederates.
March 25, 1863 Battle of Brentwood Tennessee D Confederate Union force surrenders.
March 30 – April 20, 1863 Battle of Washington, NC North Carolina D Inconclusive Hill unable to take North Carolina town from Union forces.
April 7, 1863 First Battle of Charleston Harbor South Carolina C Confederate Charleston fails to fall to the Union; Fort Sumter holds; USS Keokuk is sunk.
April 10, 1863 Battle of Franklin (1863) Tennessee D Union Confederates withdraw after rearguard defeat.
April 11 – May 4, 1863 Battle of Suffolk (Hill’s Point)
(Battle of Fort Huger)
Virginia C Union Confederate forces captured from a rear attack.
April 11 – May 4, 1863 Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House);
Siege of Suffolk
Virginia C Inconclusive Twin battles fought over Suffolk.
April 12–13, 1863 Battle of Fort Bisland Louisiana D Union Confederate forces retreat from Fort Bisland.
April 14, 1863 Battle of Irish Bend Louisiana C Union Richard Taylor retreats from Fort Bisland.
April 17, 1863 Battle of Vermillion Bayou Louisiana D Union Richard Taylor, being vastly outnumbered, retreats after an artillery skirmish.
April 26, 1863 Battle of Cape Girardeau Missouri D Union Confederate attack fails.
April 29, 1863 Battle of Grand Gulf Mississippi C Confederate Unsuccessful naval attack by Grant’s forces.
April 29 – May 1, 1863 Battle of Snyder’s Bluff Mississippi D Confederate Union feint during Vicksburg Campaign.
April 30, 1863 Battle of Day’s Gap Alabama C Union Union victory during a raid in Alabama.
April 30 – May 6, 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia A Confederate Lee defeats Hooker’s Army of Potomac, Jackson mortally wounded.
May 1, 1863 Battle of Port Gibson Mississippi B Union in Vicksburg campaign, Grant defeats Confederates
May 1–2, 1863 Battle of Chalk Bluff Arkansas D Confederate Confederates win but can’t continue raid.
May 3, 1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg Virginia B Union Union forces under John Sedgwick defeat Confederate forces left to guard the town by Lee.
May 3–4, 1863 Battle of Salem Church Virginia B Confederate Lee defeats Sedgwick.
May 12, 1863 Battle of Raymond Mississippi B Union Failed Confederate attempt to protect Vicksburg from approaching Federals.
May 14, 1863 Battle of Jackson, Mississippi Mississippi B Union Sherman, McPherson defeat Johnston
May 16, 1863 Battle of Champion Hill Mississippi A Union Grant defeats Pemberton.
May 17, 1863 Battle of Big Black River Bridge Mississippi B Union Confederate forces trapped in Vicksburg.
May 18 – July 4, 1863 Siege of Vicksburg Mississippi A Union the siege ends; Grant accepts surrender of second Confederate army under Pemberton.
May 21, 1863 Battle of Plains Store Louisiana C Union Union victory near Baton Rouge.
May 21 – July 9, 1863 Siege of Port Hudson Louisiana A Union last Confederate stronghold on Mississippi surrenders; Gardner surrenders to Banks.
June 7, 1863 Battle of Milliken’s Bend Louisiana C Union In the largest battle fought between Confederate and Black troops, after nearly two days of close combat, the Confederates were defeated in their attempt to raise the siege of Vicksburg.
June 9, 1863 Battle of Brandy Station Virginia B Inconclusive Pleasonton surprises J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalrymen in their camps near Brandy Station.
June 9, 1863 Battle of Lake Providence Louisiana D Union Confederates withdraw to Floyd, Louisiana.
June 13–15, 1863 Second Battle of Winchester Virginia B Confederate Confederate victory paves way for Lee’s invasion of the North.
June 17, 1863 Battle of Aldie Virginia C Inconclusive Indecisive battle during Robert E. Lee’s march north.
June 17–19, 1863 Battle of Middleburg Virginia C Inconclusive J.E.B. Stuart retreats from engagement with Union cavalry.
June 20–21, 1863 Battle of LaFourche Crossing Louisiana D Union Confederates disengage, and fled to Thibodaux.
June 21, 1863 Battle of Upperville Virginia C Inconclusive Indecisive cavalry battle during Lee’s invasion.
June 24–26, 1863 Battle of Hoover’s Gap Tennessee C Union Union victory prevents Confederates in Tennessee from coming to the aid of Vicksburg.
June 28, 1863 Second Battle of Donaldsonville Louisiana D Union Confederate forces failed to take Fort Butler.
June 29–30, 1863 Battle of Goodrich’s Landing Louisiana D Inconclusive Confederates drive Union Black Regiments off of several plantations.
June 30, 1863 Battle of Hanover Pennsylvania C Inconclusive J.E.B. Stuart forced to change his route, delaying his efforts to unite with Lee’s force outside Gettysburg.
July 1–2, 1863 Battle of Cabin Creek Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
C Union James Monroe Williams forced Confederate forces to flee.
July 1–3, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Pennsylvania A Union Lee loses to Meade, Pickett’s Charge fails, ends second invasion of North. Confederate army arrived in Gettysburg to resupply army, unaware of Union army nearby.
July 4, 1863 Battle of Helena Arkansas B Union Confederate assault on river port fails securing eastern Arkansas for Union.
July 6–16, 1863 Battle of Williamsport Maryland C Inconclusive Meade and Lee fight indecisive battle.
July 8, 1863 Battle of Boonsboro Maryland D Inconclusive Indecisive action at rearguard of Lee’s retreat.
July 9, 1863 Battle of Corydon Indiana C Confederate Confederate raid results in civilian casualties, including a Lutheran minister.
July 11, 1863 Battle of Fort Wagner South Carolina D Confederate first of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner.
July 12–13, 1863 Battle of Kock’s Plantation Louisiana C Confederate Union troops retreat to Fort Butler in Donaldsonville, seized during the Second Battle of Donaldsonville.
July 16, 1863 Battle of Grimball’s Landing South Carolina D Confederate Union troops retreat from James Island.
July 17, 1863 Battle of Honey Springs Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
B Union In Indian Territory, two largely Black and American Indian forces meet. Union victory.
July 18, 1863 Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island)
South Carolina B Confederate second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts.
July 19, 1863 Battle of Buffington Island Ohio C Union Confederates captured after failing to find a secure retreat.
July 23, 1863 Battle of Manassas Gap Virginia D Inconclusive Indecisive battle by day, Confederates withdraw by night.
July 24–25, 1863 Battle of Big Mound North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
C Union Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Santee and Teton Sioux forces.
July 26, 1863 Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
D Union Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862Sibley defeats Sioux forces.
July 26, 1863 Battle of Salineville Ohio D Union Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan surrenders in Ohio. The northernmost battle in the Civil War.
July 28, 1863 Battle of Stony Lake North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
D Union Dakota War of 1862: Sioux forces escape Union forces in pursuit.
August 17 –
September 9, 1863
Second Battle of Fort Sumter South Carolina B Confederate Union’s massive bombardment and naval attack fails to retake the fort.
July 18 –
September 7, 1863
Second Battle of Charleston Harbor South Carolina B Inconclusive Fort Wagner falls to the Union; Confederates still hold Charleston and Fort Sumter.
August 21 –
September 8, 1863
Second Battle of Chattanooga Tennessee D Union Union captures town.
August 23, 1863 Lawrence Massacre
(Quantrill’s Raid)
Kansas C Confederate Quantrill’s Raiders pillage the city.
September 1, 1863 Battle of Devil’s Backbone Arkansas C Union Union victory after heavy fighting.
September 3–5, 1863 Battle of Whitestone Hill North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
D Union Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat several American Indian tribes including the Sioux and Blackfeet.
September 8, 1863 Second Battle of Sabine Pass Texas B Confederate Confederate forces place stakes in river to help aim their guns at Union ships.
September 10, 1863 Battle of Bayou Fourche Arkansas B Union Union victory allows for capture of Little Rock.
September 10–11, 1863 Battle of Davis’s Cross Roads Georgia C Union Union forces establish defensive positions prior to Chickamauga.
September 19–20, 1863 Battle of Chickamauga Georgia A Confederate Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed “The Rock of Chickamauga”
September 22, 1863 Battle of Blountville
(Battle of Blountsville)
Tennessee D Union Union forces capture town.
September 29, 1863 Battle of Stirling’s Plantation Louisiana C Confederate Federal troops surrendered after being encircled by cavalry dressed as Union soldiers.
October 6, 1863 Battle of Baxter Springs Kansas C Confederate Quantrill’s Raiders massacre Union Black Troops during U.S. Civil War.
October 10, 1863 Battle of Blue Springs Tennessee D Union Confederate forces overrun.
October 13, 1863 First Battle of Auburn Virginia D Union J.E.B. Stuart escapes by hiding in a ravine.
October 14, 1863 Battle of Bristoe Station Virginia B Union Meade defeats elements of Lee’s forces, but Confederates destroy railroad during retreat.
October 14, 1863 Second Battle of Auburn Virginia D Inconclusive Confederates attack Union rearguard, indecisive.
October 16–18, 1863 Battle of Fort Brooke Florida D Union Union troops raided the Jean Street Shipyard burning two notorious blockade runners, and disrupting exports.
October 19, 1863 Battle of Buckland Mills Virginia D Confederate Union cavalry caught in ambush, defeated.
October 25, 1863 Battle of Pine Bluff Arkansas D Union Confederate attack fails.
October 28–29, 1863 Battle of Wauhatchie Tennessee B Union Longstreet defeated by Union forces.
November 3, 1863 Battle of Collierville Tennessee D Union Abortive Confederate attack on the town.
November 6, 1863 Battle of Droop Mountain West Virginia B Union Union troops forced Confederate forces to retreat to Lewisburg.
November 7, 1863 Second Battle of Rappahannock Station Virginia B Union Union forces surge across river, forcing Lee to retreat.
November 16, 1863 Battle of Campbell’s Station Tennessee D Union Confederate double-envelopment attempt fails.
November 24, 1863 Battle of Lookout Mountain Tennessee A Union Joseph Hooker takes Lookout Mountain in the “Battle Above the Clouds.” Note: combined with the Battle of Missionary Ridge as Chattanooga III in the CWSAC report.
November 25, 1863 Battle of Missionary Ridge Tennessee A Union Grant routs Braxton Bragg‘s army ending the siege of Union forces in Chattanooga. Note: combined with the Battle of Lookout Mountain as Chattanooga III in the CWSAC report.
November 27 –
December 2, 1863
Battle of Mine Run Virginia B Inconclusive Meade bombards Lee’s Confederates but then withdraws.
November 27, 1863 Battle of Ringgold Gap Georgia B Confederate Confederates under Patrick Cleburne defeat Union forces under Joseph Hooker.
November 29, 1863 Battle of Fort Sanders Tennessee B Union Longstreet unable to take fort due to poor quality gunpowder.
December 14, 1863 Battle of Bean’s Station Tennessee D Confederate Union forces withdraw a short distance.
December 29, 1863 Battle of Mossy Creek Tennessee D Union Confederate cavalry forced back.
January 17, 1864 Battle of Dandridge Tennessee C Confederate Union forces withdraw.
January 26, 1864 Battle of Athens Alabama D Union Union victory in Northern Alabama.
January 27, 1864 Battle of Fair Garden Tennessee C Inconclusive Union victory followed by withdrawal.
February 6–7, 1864 Battle of Morton’s Ford Virginia D Inconclusive Diversionary Union attack.
February 13, 1864 Battle of Middle Boggy Depot Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
D Union Union troops massacred Confederate forces as the Confederates burned their encampments.
February 14–20, 1864 Battle of Meridian Mississippi C Union Sherman occupies town.
February 20, 1864 Battle of Olustee Florida B Confederate Union fails to take Florida.
February 22, 1864 Battle of Okolona Mississippi B Confederate Confederate cavalry, commanded by Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, routed 7,000 cavalry under the command of Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith.
February 22–27, 1864 First Battle of Dalton Georgia C Confederate After several days of intense skirmishing, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas‘s army withdrew upon realizing Gen. Joseph E. Johnston‘s troops could repel any assault. However, the intelligence garnered from the Battle of Dalton helped pave the way for a Union victory in the summer.
March 2, 1864 Battle of Walkerton Virginia C Confederate controversy surrounding the Dahlgren Affair.
March 12–14, 1864 Battle of Fort De Russy Louisiana B Union Fort DeRussy fell and the Red River to Alexandria was open.
March 25, 1864 Battle of Paducah Kentucky C Confederate Confederate raid by Forrest successful.
April 3–4, 1864 Battle of Elkin’s Ferry Arkansas C Union Confederates unable to prevent Union river crossing.
April 8, 1864 Battle of Mansfield or Sabine Cross Roads Louisiana A Confederate Banks Union Red River Campaign halted by the Confederates.
April 9–13, 1864 Battle of Prairie D’Ane Arkansas B Union Frederick Steele defeats Sterling Price.
April 9, 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill Louisiana B Union Confederate attack fails.
April 12, 1864 Battle of Fort Pillow Tennessee B Confederate N.B. Forrest takes fort, massacres black soldiers.
April 12–13, 1864 Battle of Blair’s Landing Louisiana C Union Confederate forces retreated after constant Naval bombardments.
April 17, 1864 Battle of Plymouth North Carolina C Confederate Confederate land forces, supported by naval ram, retake two Union forts near Plymouth, North Carolina.
April 18, 1864 Battle of Poison Spring Arkansas C Confederate Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas, black troops massacred.
April 23, 1864 Battle of Monett’s Ferry Louisiana C Union Confederate forces driven back.
April 25, 1864 Battle of Marks’ Mills Arkansas D Confederate Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
April 30, 1864 Battle of Jenkins’ Ferry Arkansas C Union Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
May 5, 1864 Battle of Albemarle Sound North Carolina C Inconclusive Indecisive naval battle during U.S. Civil War.
May 5–7, 1864 Battle of the Wilderness Virginia A Inconclusive Grant and Lee meet inconclusively.
May 6–7, 1864 Battle of Port Walthall Junction Virginia C Union Union forces destroy railroad
May 7–13, 1864 Battle of Rocky Face Ridge Georgia C Union Due to a flanking movement by Union troops under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, Confederates led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston were forced to evacuate their strong position near Atlanta.
May 8–21, 1864 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Virginia A Inconclusive Grant and Lee meet inconclusively, Grant writes to Halleck “I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer”.
May 9, 1864 Battle of Swift Creek Virginia C Inconclusive Union forces damage railroad, but are stopped by Confederate forces.
May 9, 1864 Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain Virginia C Union Union victory, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins killed.
May 10, 1864 Battle of Chester Station Virginia D Inconclusive Union forces under Benjamin Butler pushed back.
May 10, 1864 Battle of Cove Mountain Virginia D Inconclusive Union forces under William W. Averell fought off Confederate attack and escaped under cover of the night.
May 11, 1864 Battle of Yellow Tavern Virginia C Union Union forces win cavalry battle, J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded.
May 12–16, 1864 Battle of Proctor’s Creek Virginia B Confederate Beauregard defeats Butler.
May 13, 1864 Battle of Resaca Georgia C Inconclusive Sherman defeats Johnston
May 15, 1864 Battle of New Market Virginia B Confederate Confederate forces halt Union army under Franz Sigel from advance up the Shenandoah Valley.
May 16, 1864 Battle of Mansura Louisiana C Union Confederates are flanked and forced to retreat.
May 17, 1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia C Union Failed Confederate attempt to destroy part of the Union force approaching Atlanta.
May 18, 1864 Battle of Yellow Bayou Louisiana C Inconclusive Union and Confederate forces traded ground until both sides retired, with no valuable gain from either side.
May 20, 1864 Battle of Ware Bottom Church Virginia C Confederate Beauregard boxes Butler in.
May 23–26, 1864 Battle of North Anna Virginia B Inconclusive Lee outmaneuvers Grant, but because of illness, he is unable to capitalize.
May 24, 1864 Battle of Wilson’s Wharf Virginia D Union Confederates under Fitzhugh Lee defeated by two Union black regiments.
May 25–26, 1864 Battle of New Hope Church Georgia C Confederate Hooker’s forces defeated.
May 26 – June 4, 1864 Battle of Dallas (Georgia) Georgia C Union Confederate withdrawal in Georgia.
May 27, 1864 Battle of Pickett’s Mill Georgia C Confederate Unsuccessful attack by Sherman on Johnston.
May 28, 1864 Battle of Haw’s Shop Virginia C Union Union advance halted.
May 28–30, 1864 Battle of Totopotomoy Creek Virginia B Inconclusive Union forces pushed back.
May 30, 1864 Battle of Old Church Virginia C Union Union forces drive Confederates back to Cold Harbor.
May 31 –
June 12, 1864
Battle of Cold Harbor Virginia A Confederate Lee repulses Grant, Confederate soldier says “We felt it was murder, not war”.
June 5, 1864 Battle of Piedmont Virginia B Union Union forces under David Hunter defeat Confederate defenses on march to Staunton, Virginia, upper Shenandoah Valley.
June 6, 1864 Battle of Old River Lake Arkansas C Union Colton Greene failed to prevent Union advance.
June 6 – July 3, 1864 Battle of Marietta Georgia B Union Confederates withdrew; Leonidas Polk  is killed.
June 9, 1864 First Battle of Petersburg Virginia D Confederate Beauregard defeats Butler.
June 10, 1864 Battle of Brice’s Crossroads Mississippi B Confederate N.B. Forrest routs Union force almost three times as large.
June 11–12, 1864 Battle of Cynthiana Kentucky C Union Union Brig. Gen. Stephen Gano Burbridge defeated Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. Most Confederate soldiers were casualties, though Morgan escaped.
June 11–12, 1864 Battle of Trevilian Station Virginia B Confederate Confederate victory, George Armstrong Custer nearly surrounded and has to be rescued by Sheridan.
June 15–18, 1864 Second Battle of Petersburg Virginia A Confederate Lee repulses Grant at back door to Richmond.
June 17–18, 1864 Battle of Lynchburg Virginia B Confederate Fake Confederate reinforcements lead to Union retreat.
June 21–24, 1864 Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road Virginia B Inconclusive Union siege lines extended for Siege of Petersburg.
June 22, 1864 Battle of Kolb’s Farm Georgia C Union Confederate attack fails due to poor terrain conditions.
June 24, 1864 Battle of Saint Mary’s Church Virginia D Inconclusive Union forces fight a successful delaying action.
June 25, 1864 Battle of Staunton River Bridge Virginia C Confederate Union troops failed to take the Staunton River Bridge.
June 27, 1864 Battle of Kennesaw Mountain Georgia B Confederate Johnston repulses Sherman.
June 28, 1864 Battle of Sappony Church Virginia D Confederate Union forces were forced into a chaotic retreat.
June 29, 1864 First Battle of Ream’s Station Virginia C Confederate Maj. Gen. William Mahone and Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee defeated Union cavalry raiding Confederate railroads south of Petersburg, Virginia.
July 9, 1864 Battle of Monocacy
(Battle of Monocacy Junction)
Maryland B Confederate Union Gen. Lew Wallace slows up Jubal Early, saving DC.
July 11–12, 1864 Battle of Fort Stevens District of Columbia B Union Failed Confederate attempt to capture Washington, D.C., President Lincoln, observing the battle, comes under Confederate fire.
July 14–15, 1864 Battle of Tupelo Mississippi B Union Confederate forces under Stephen D. Lee are defeated and Nathan Bedford Forrest is wounded in action.
July 18–19, 1864 Battle of Cool Spring Virginia C Confederate Joseph Thoburn led a full retreat after being surrounded by Confederate forces.
July 20, 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek Georgia B Union (Atlanta Campaign) First Confederate attack against Union forces north of Atlanta fails.
July 20, 1864 Battle of Rutherford’s Farm Virginia D Union Confederates under Jubal Early caught by surprise and defeated.
July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta Georgia B Union (Atlanta Campaign) Sherman turns back Hood’s attack east of Atlanta.
July 24, 1864 Second Battle of Kernstown Virginia B Confederate Jubal Early defeats Union forces.
July 27–29, 1864 First Battle of Deep Bottom Virginia C Inconclusive Union forces besieged Confederate positions, but the Confederates held their ground.
July 28, 1864 Battle of Ezra Church Georgia B Union (Atlanta Campaign) Confederate attack on Union army northwest of Atlanta fails to gain element of surprise, finding entrenched Union forces. Union victory.
July 28–29, 1864 Battle of Killdeer Mountain North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
C Union Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Sioux.
July 30, 1864 Battle of the Crater Virginia A Confederate Lee defeats Burnside.
August 1, 1864 Battle of Folck’s Mill Maryland D Inconclusive Indecisive Civil War battle.
August 2–23, 1864 Battle of Mobile Bay Alabama A Union David Farragut takes port, says “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead”.
August 5–7, 1864 Battle of Utoy Creek Georgia C Inconclusive (Atlanta Campaign) Indecisive battle on Union right flank near Atlanta.
August 7, 1864 Battle of Moorefield West Virginia C Union Union forces routed Confederates, forcing them to scatter from Moorefield.
August 14–15, 1864 Second Battle of Dalton Georgia D Union Union forces withstand attack until relieved.
August 14–20, 1864 Second Battle of Deep Bottom Virginia B Confederate The Confederates drove back the Union threat, but at a cost of diluting their forces as the Union had hoped.
August 16, 1864 Battle of Guard Hill Virginia C Union Federals successfully counterattacked against the Confederates, resulting in a chaotic Confederate retreat.
August 18–21, 1864 Battle of Globe Tavern Virginia B Union Confederate forces lose control of railroads at Petersburg.
August 20, 1864 Battle of Lovejoy’s Station Georgia D Confederate Confederates repel Union raiders attacking the station.
August 21, 1864 Second Battle of Memphis Tennessee C Union Partially successful Confederate raid.
August 21, 1864 Battle of Summit Point West Virginia C Inconclusive Union and Confederate forces traded dominance at Summit Point.
August 25, 1864 Second Battle of Ream’s Station Virginia B Confederate Union lines overrun by Confederates.
August 25–29, 1864 Battle of Smithfield Crossing West Virginia D Inconclusive Confederate forces routed a small Union detachment, but a Union counterattacked stopped the Confederates; ultimately ending the last engagement in West Virginia of the Civil War.
August 31 –
September 1, 1864
Battle of Jonesborough Georgia A Union William J. Hardee‘s Confederates defeated, resulting in Atlanta’s fall the following day.
September 3–4, 1864 Battle of Berryville Virginia C Inconclusive At the same time Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early sent Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw‘s division to attack Colonel Joseph Thoburn‘s division of the VIII Corps, and Kershaw initially routed Thoburn’s left flank. Darkness ended the fighting. The next morning, Early, seeing the strength of the Union’s entrenched line, retreated behind Opequon Creek.
September 19, 1864 Battle of Opequon
(Third Battle of Winchester)
Virginia A Union Sheridan defeats Early, several officers killed or wounded on both sides.
September 21–22, 1864 Battle of Fisher’s Hill Virginia B Union Successful Union frontal assault.
September 27, 1864 Battle of Fort Davidson (Battle of Pilot Knob) Missouri B Union Union forces detonate their own fort after losing to Confederates.
September 29–30, 1864 Battle of Chaffin’s Farm
(New Market Heights)
Virginia B Union Union forces victorious, but fail to capture several forts.
September 30 – October 2, 1864 Battle of Peebles’ Farm Virginia B Union Union victory near Petersburg.
October 1–3, 1864 First Battle of Saltville Virginia C Confederate Confederates defeat Union Black Cavalry, war crimes committed against captured blacks.
October 5, 1864 Battle of Allatoona Georgia B Union Union fortifications hold.
October 7, 1864 Battle of Darbytown and New Market Virginia C Union John Gregg is killed, Confederates withdraw to Richmond.
October 9, 1864 Battle of Tom’s Brook Virginia C Union Union cavalry defeats Confederates.
October 13, 1864 Battle of Darbytown Road Virginia D Confederate Federal assault on Confederate fortifications repulsed with heavy casualties.
October 15, 1864 Battle of Glasgow Missouri C Confederate Union forces surrender.
October 19, 1864 Second Battle of Lexington Missouri D Confederate Union forces driven out of town.
October 19, 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek Virginia A Union Sheridan defeats Early, drives Confederates from Shenandoah Valley.
October 21, 1864 Battle of Little Blue River Missouri D Confederate Confederate victory in Missouri.
October 22–23, 1864 Battle of Byram’s Ford Missouri B Union Confederates under Marmaduke defeated.
October 22, 1864 Second Battle of Independence Missouri C Inconclusive Union forces occupy town.
October 23, 1864 Battle of Westport Missouri A Union Union forces win decisive battle to take control of Missouri.
October 25, 1864 Battle of Marais des Cygnes Kansas C Union Price’s Confederates pursued into Kansas.
October 25, 1864 Battle of Mine Creek Kansas C Union Price’s army crushed, flees back into Missouri.
October 25, 1864 Battle of Marmiton River Missouri D Union Price escapes Union pursuit.
October 26–29, 1864 Battle of Decatur Alabama C Union Confederates unable to cross river.
October 27–28, 1864 Battle of Boydton Plank Road Virginia B Inconclusive Union forces take control of road, but withdraw after battle.
October 27–28, 1864 Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road Virginia C Confederate Confederates repel a Union attack.
October 28, 1864 Second Battle of Newtonia Missouri B Union James G. Blunt defeats Joseph O. Shelby.
November 4–5, 1864 Battle of Johnsonville Tennessee B Confederate Confederates bombard Union forces during the night after a fire starts near union positions.
November 11–13, 1864 Battle of Bull’s Gap Tennessee D Confederate Minor Confederate victory during U.S. Civil War.
November 22, 1864 Battle of Griswoldville Georgia B Union Sherman’s march to the sea continued.
November 24, 1864 Battle of Columbia Tennessee C Confederate Confederates divert attention.
November 28, 1864 Battle of Buck Head Creek Georgia C Union Union forces repel a Confederate attack.
November 29, 1864 Battle of Spring Hill Tennessee B Union Confederate mistakes allow Federal forces to redeploy, leading to the Battle of Franklin.
November 29, 1864 Sand Creek massacre Colorado
(Colorado Territory at the time)
B Union Colorado War: U.S. forces massacre Cheyenne and Arapaho.
November 30, 1864 Battle of Honey Hill South Carolina C Confederate The third battle of Sherman’s March to the Sea was a failed Union Army expedition under Maj. Gen. John P. Hatch that attempted to cut off the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in support of Sherman’s projected arrival in Savannah.
November 30, 1864 Battle of Franklin (1864) Tennessee A Union Hood attacks Schofield but suffers crushing losses; Pickett’s Charge of the West.
December 4, 1864 Battle of Waynesboro, Georgia Georgia C Union Kilpatrick stops Wheeler from attacking Sherman.
December 5–7, 1864 Third Battle of Murfreesboro Tennessee D Union Confederate raid mostly unsuccessful.
December 7–27, 1864 First Battle of Fort Fisher North Carolina C Confederate Failed Union attempt to take fort.
December 13, 1864 Second Battle of Fort McAllister Georgia B Union William B. Hazen captures Fort McAllister.
December 15–16, 1864 Battle of Nashville Tennessee A Union Thomas attacks and virtually destroys Hood’s Confederate Army of Tennessee.
December 17–18, 1864 Battle of Marion Virginia D Union Union forces destroy beneficial infrastructure.
December 20–21, 1864 Second Battle of Saltville Virginia C Union Confederate forces retreated, and General George Stoneman‘s troops entered the town and destroyed the saltworks.
January 13–15, 1865 Second Battle of Fort Fisher North Carolina A Union Union takes fort.
February 3, 1865 Battle of Rivers’ Bridge South Carolina D Union Union forces capture river crossing.
February 5–7, 1865 Battle of Hatcher’s Run Virginia B Union Union force launch unexpected attack.
February 22, 1865 Battle of Wilmington (North Carolina) North Carolina D Union Last Confederate port falls.
March 2, 1865 Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia Virginia B Union Remnants of Confederate Army of the Valley are destroyed.
March 6, 1865 Battle of Natural Bridge Florida C Confederate Confederate victory in Florida prevents the capture of Tallahassee.
March 7–10, 1865 Battle of Wyse Fork North Carolina D Union Confederate attacks repelled by Union artillery.
March 10, 1865 Battle of Monroe’s Cross Roads North Carolina D Inconclusive Confederates delayed Federal Calvalry movement towards Fayetteville.
March 16, 1865 Battle of Averasborough North Carolina C Inconclusive Union and Confederate forces attack one another in turn, both attacks fail.
March 19–21, 1865 Battle of Bentonville North Carolina A Union Sherman defeats Confederates
March 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman Virginia A Union Lee attempts to break siege.
March 27 – April 8, 1865 Battle of Spanish Fort Alabama B Union Union forces capture fort just east of Mobile.
March 29, 1865 Battle of Lewis’s Farm Virginia C Union Union forces capture Confederate earthworks.
March 31, 1865 Battle of White Oak Road Virginia B Union Confederate forces under Richard H. Anderson defeated.
March 31, 1865 Battle of Dinwiddie Court House Virginia C Confederate Pickett defeats Sheridan.
April 1, 1865 Battle of Five Forks Virginia A Union Sheridan routs Confederates.
April 2, 1865 Battle of Selma Alabama B Union Wilson defeats Forrest.
April 2, 1865 Third Battle of Petersburg Virginia A Union Grant defeats Lee.
April 2, 1865 Battle of Sutherland’s Station Virginia C Union Lee’s supply lines are cut.
April 3, 1865 Battle of Namozine Church Virginia D Inconclusive Several Confederates captured, Custer‘s brother earns Medal of Honor.
April 5, 1865 Battle of Amelia Springs Virginia C Inconclusive Confederates forced Union troops to retreat, however Union forces linked up and prevented another counter-attack.
April 6, 1865 Battle of Rice’s Station Virginia D Union Confederate forces are caught off guard by John Gibbon‘s forces.
April 6, 1865 Battle of Sayler’s Creek
(or Sailor’s Creek)
Virginia B Union Lee realizes his army is on the verge of defeat.
April 6–7, 1865 Battle of High Bridge Virginia C Inconclusive Union forces thwart Lee’s attempts to burn bridges and to resupply, Grant proposes that Lee surrender, but he refuses.
April 7, 1865 Battle of Cumberland Church Virginia C Confederate Union forces attack Confederate rearguard, but darkness cuts the attack short.
April 8, 1865 Battle of Appomattox Station Virginia B Union Union forces thwart Lee’s final attempt to resupply.
April 9, 1865 Battle of Appomattox Court House Virginia A Union Lee’s forces surrounded. He subsequently surrenders.
April 9, 1865 Battle of Fort Blakeley Alabama A Union Union forces capture fort east of Mobile.
May 12–13, 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch Texas D Confederate Last battle in Texas during final phases of the Civil War. Southernmost battle on land in Civil War.

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