Meyers produced the first “lever mechanical” voting machine in 1898. Shoup marketed a similar machine in 1905. They were easy to understand, operate and repair. They could not be “hacked” electronically, and were inspected by all sides before and after voting. They were suddenly discontinued in the 1990s. Why? Cui bono? Who benefited?
Since 1990s, Democrats with the support of Swamp Republicans Scrapped These Twelve Procedures That Kept Most US Elections Honest For A Hundred Years. Why?
Why is it now “normal” for Democrats to cheat in almost every election? Why is the only issue for courts to decide whether that cheating was enough to change the outcome?
Election cheating and government corruption became normal in Democrat run big cities in the North, and the old Confederate South after the Civil War. Eventually, this caused such public outrage that Republicans, Democrats, and even Socialists agreed to these basic laws and procedures for running elections by 1920. They worked well or more than a hundred years. Then suddenly, in the 1990s, Democrats and Bush/McCain Republicans eliminated all of them. Why? Who benefitted?
“Fiduciary” (from the Latin word “faithful”) is a basic principle of English and American law. It applies to people trusted with the care of property and responsibilities for others. “Fiduciaries” include executors of wills, trustees of trusts, and election officials. In normal business transactions, a person is presumed to have acted correctly. Normally, a person who claims someone else did something wrong has the burden of proving it. However, when a “fiduciary” is involved, the opposite is true. If accused of wrongdoing, a “fiduciary” has the burden of proving he or she acted honestly and correctly.
THESE TWELVE BASIC PROCEDURES KEPT MOST ELECTIONS HONEST IN NEW JERSEY FROM 1910 TO 1990s. THEY WERE CLEARLY WRITTEN AND EXPLAINED IN “TITLE 19”. EVERY CANDIDATE AND CAMPAIGN MANAGER WAS FAMILIAR WITH THEM. NOW THEY ARE GONE. WHY? CUI BONO? WHO BENEFITS?
- All voting done on a single Election Day. Every candidate and party have an equal chance to reach each voter and know where he or she lives a month before Election Day. Early mail and “absentee” voting strictly limited very few people who produce medical, travel, or military documents. documented that they were sick, disabled, traveling, or in military. This excludes some people who suddenly become sick, or who have last minute work or travel plans. However these are random events that affect all candidates and parties equally.
- All voters must be registered to vote at least one month before the election. This gives each party and candidate an equal chance to know who could vote and to reach them. It also gives them enough time to make sure each voter on the list is qualified to vote, and lives at the address listed before votes are cast.
- Election officials review obituaries or death notices on a weekly or monthly basis. Deceased voters are promptly removed from voter lists.
- Sample ballots are mailed to every voter at least two weeks before the elections with postal instructions NOT to forward. This serves two purposes. First, it informs each voter of each office up for election, and the names and party identification of each candidate. Second, it confirms that each voter is still living at his or her registered address. If the sample ballot is returned, a red “Challenge Sheet” is placed on the voting sign-in book for that voter.
- On Election Day, each voter appears in person to vote at a polling place in his or neighborhood. Each voter signs a signature page in front of two election officials of opposite parties. Each signature is quickly and easily compared to the signature on the original voting application, and from all previous elections.
- If a voter finds his or her name is not on the voting list, he can appear before a judge to swear he or she is qualified. Courts are closed for regular business on Election Day and judges are available only to hear election matters. This happened very rarely. “Provisional” ballots were supposed to replace this procedure. However, now there are thousands of “provisional” ballots in every election, and voters who use them are not required to appear before a judge to prove they are qualified.
- Polling places are open from 8AM to 7PM on Election Day. These are long hours, but manageable. Election officials are able to hire and train enough qualified officials at each polling place. Each candidate or party can find enough challengers to monitor every polling place.
- All voting takes place on Shoup or Myers “lever” mechanical voting machine. They are set by hand before Election Day with representatives of all candidates and parties present. They can not be tampered with or “hacked” electronically.
- Lever mechanical voting machines record each vote on both a counter and a register tape. Before voting begins, election officials and challengers for each party or candidate check each counter on each machine at each polling place. Voting does not begin until all officials and challengers agree that all counters are set at “zero”.
- When voting ends on Election Day, election officials and challengers from both parties again check the counters and record the votes on both the counter and the register tape. They also make sure that the number of votes on the machine match the number of people who sign the register book.
- The voting machines and the register tapes for each polling place are kept in separate secured storage areas until the time allowed for vote challenges expires.
- Until 1965, U.S immigration laws permitted only roughly 400,000 legal immigrants each year. Immigration laws were strictly enforced, and foreigners living illegally in the United States rarely voted or attempted to vote.
THESE TWELVE BASIC PROCEDURES KEPT MOST ELECTIONS HONEST IN NEW JERSEY FROM 1910 TO 1990s. NOW THEY ARE GONE. WHY? CUI BONO? WHO BENEFITS?
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Seth Grossman, Executive Director