On September 12, 1683, cannons and cavalry of army led by Polish King Jan Sobieski destroyed the Ottoman Turkish army as it was about to overrun Vienna, Austria on its way to conquer Italy and Rome.
In was not a coincidence. September 11 is very well known and important in the Wahabi school of Islam. September 11 reminds them of their humiliating defeat at the hands of the “Romans” on the day after September 11, 1683.
On September 11, 1683, and invading army of roughly 200,000 Turkish Mohammadans blew up a section of the wall protecting the city of Vienna, Austria. Vienna was the capital of the “Holy Roman Empire” and the last obstacle to a Turkish invasion of Italy and Rome itself.
Rome was very important to Islam. The objective of the Christian Crusades was never the conquest of Arabia, the center of Islam. The objective of the Christian Crusades was always Damascus and Jerusalem — centers of Christian life that had been conquered by followers of Muhammad. The goal was to protect Christians who were being persecuted, attacked, and murdered.
However, the centers of Christianity were always the main targets of the Mohammadan invasions of Europe. Those main targets were Constantinople (now Istanbul), the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, and Rome in Italy, the capital of the Western Roman Empire.
Surah (Chapter) 30, Section 2 of the Koran, was said to be revealed to Mohammad around 637 AD. That was shortly after armies led by the Prophet Muhammad conquered the Eastern Roman Cities of Damascus and Jerusalem. That Section said, “The Roman Empire has been defeated in a land close by.” The next 14 sections of that Chapter explain that those “Romans” would be “brought to punishment” because they “rejected faith and falsely denied our signs”.
Muhammad’s “Believers” attacked and destroyed the Eastern Roman Empire on land and sea for the next thousand years. They conquered Alexandria (Egypt) in 646, all of the Roman provinces of North Africa (including the home of St. Augustine) in 711, and Spain and Portugal in 720. In 1453 Turkish or “Ottoman” Mohammadans conquered Constantinople. During the next two hundred years, they conquered much of Eastern Europe including sections of present day Poland, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, and Romania.
In 1683, a Turkish army of some 200,000 Mohammadans attacked Austria. They hoped to capture the capital city of Vienna and them march south into Italy. There, they hoped to seize Rome, the last remaining center of Christianity.
The Turks surrounded Vienna and repeatedly attacked it on all sides. They also built tunnels under the City’s walls and detonated explosives. On September 11, they blew up a large section of the city’s walls. They prepared to attack and overrun the city the following day, September 12. However, that attack never happened. That is because on September 12, Polish King Jan Sobieski and his unexpected relief army arrived and attacked the Turks from behind with cannons and cavalry charges. They drove the Turks out of Austria and Hungary with heavy losses.
Christians and Jews celebrated this victory throughout Europe. The bakers of Vienna created a new bread and a new pastry that are still with us today. They created “bagels” in the shape of the stirrups worn by soldiers of the Polish cavalry. The created croissants (crescents) to mock the crescents on the Turkish flags.
However, this was a humiliating catastrophe for the Islamic world. During the next hundred years, Islam suffered even more defeats and setbacks. Many European countries including England, France, Spain, Austria, Poland, Serbia, and Russia attacked and defeated Turkish (Ottoman) forces on land and sea. France and Russia both won rights to protect Christians in much of the Ottoman Empire. During that same time, non-Muslim Sikhs and Hindus gained political and military power to end Islamic domination in most of what is now India and Pakistan.
This shook the faith of large numbers of Mohammadans from Morocco on the Atlantic Ocean to the west, to India and the East Indies by the Pacific in the East. They asked themselves and their leaders “How can this be?” and “What can we do?”. See “God’s Terrorists” (2006) by Charles Allen at Page 22.
During the 1720’s, two young Islamic students attended a prestigious Islamic academy in Medina, a city in what is now Saudi Arabia, Both were especially troubled by this rapid decline of Islam. Both were determined to do something about it. One was named Muhammad Wahhab. He lived in a nearby desert town in Arabia. The other, Shah Waliullah had traveled from Delhi, in Hindustan, India. Waliullah had come to Mecca to perform his “hajj” or pilgrimage. Waliullah then stayed in Medina for 14 months to study Islamic law. We know that both of them studied together and had the same teachers. They almost certainly shared ideas with each other.
When they finished their studies, both became charismatic preachers and writers who soon had large followings. They taught a radical new doctrine which they called “ad Dawa lil Tawhid” or “The Call To Unity”. Others called it the Wahabi or Wahabee Doctrine after Muhammad Wahhab. It included these basic features:
- Islam is one “unified” religion, that allows only one true interpretation. It is based on one leader’s interpretation of only two books, the Koran and the “Hadith”. The “Hadith” is a book by Muhammad’s companions telling what the Prophet Mohammad said and did during his lifetime. Muhammad constantly attacked and robbed his neighbors. He was quick to use murder, theft, and deception against anyone he claimed to be his enemy.
- All true Believers in Muhammad must swear absolute loyalty to the “unified” religious leader.
- There must be armed and violent “j” (holy war) against all unbelievers, apostates (anyone who seeks to convert to another religion), blasphemers (anyone who suggests Muhammad may have been mistaken, or would say or do something different if he were alive today).
- Anyone who submits to this “tawhid” (unity) enjoys the protection of Allah, the companionship of fellow believers. He also enjoys immediate forgiveness of all sins and entry into paradise if killed while fighting for the Prophet. Source: See “God’s Terrorists” (2006) by Charles Allen at Page 50-51.
Muhammad Wahhab immediately made enemies preaching this violent and intolerant doctrine. Wahhab urged a mob to destroy a popular local monument. He sentenced a popular local woman to death for having a sexual affair, and then actively participated in stoning her to death. At one point, Wahhab was accused of heresy. In 1744, Wahhab fled to a remote town where he won the support of a local warlord named Muhammad Ibn Saud. Wahhab and Saud then formed a powerful partnership. Wahhab declared “jihad” or “holy war” against any tribe in Arabia that did not submit to his doctrine of “Unity”. That meant that any of Saud’s fighters who killed, plundered and raped people in non-compliant tribes were serving Allah. Under Islamic law, one fifth of everything stolen was to be given to Wahhab and Saud. Wahhab also used his contacts to purchase rifles and to teach Saud’s fighters how to use them. The Wahhab married a Saudi daughter. The Wahhab and Saudi partnership continues in Saudi Arabia to this day. Osama Bin Ladin embraced and preached the Wahabi “Unity” doctrine.
Shah Waliullah returned to Delhi, in Hindustan, in 1730. Waliullah embraced the same doctrine as Wahab. Almost immediately, he declared Holy War against the Hindu rulers of the region. When the British became a force, he backed down. However, his sons and their sons taught the Wahhab doctrine of “unity” throughout India. At that time, “India” included what are now known as India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. By the 1800s, most of India was controlled by the British.
During the next two hundred years, students of the schools and doctrines set up by Shah Waliullah and his sons and followers made the Wahabi “Unity” doctrine dominant in India and Pakistan. Because the “Unity” doctrine demanded constant “holy war” or “j” against all Hindus, Sikhs, and Christians, there were constant wars, rebellions, murders, rapes, and robberies by Wahabis against everyone else. The most deadly of those rebellions took place in 1827, 1830-1831, 1853 and 1857. Leaders of the failed Wahabi rebellion of 1857 set up the now wesll established seminary (Darul Uloom) in Deoband, India, just north of Delhi. A few years later, leaders of that same rebellion formed an organization called “Jamaat Ahl i Hadith” (Party of Muhammad’s Tradition) when they were released from British prison colonies in the 1880s. That organization runs roughly 4,000 schools (madrassas) in Pakistan today.
During these rebellions students of these Wahabi or “Unity” schools often travelled to the remote mountain area of India previously known as the “tribal areas” of the “Northwest Frontier”. There, they received weapons, ammunition, food, supplies, and cash from Wahabi supporters all over what is now India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. There, they were free to drill and train without being seen or stopped by British government officials in India or Pakistan. Today that area is known as the area near the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The word “taliban” means “students” or “seekers of knowledge” in Pashtun, the main language of Afghanistan, as well as Urdu, the main language of Pakistan and most Islamic areas of India.
Mullah Omar founded and led the Taliban organization that took over most of Afghanistan in 1996. It took over most of the country again several weeks ago. Mullah Omar studied in a Jamaat Ahl i Hadith madrassa in Pakistan. However, Mullah Omar and the Taliban all claim to be followers of the doctrines taught at the Darul Uloom in Deoband.
These Taliban are very proud of their achievements during the past 25 years. They believe that after 338 years, Wahabi (Unity) followers have redeemed Islam by avenging the defeat of the Turks at Vienna on September 12, 1683. They believe that America is the new “Rome” and that they are well on their way to destroying us. They know that Saudi Arabia and Qatar are still under Wahabi “Unity” control. Now, much of India, together with Pakistan, and Afghanistan are also under Wahabi control. They know that already destroyed the British Empire which stood in their way in India 200 years. They think that Osama Bin Ladin is the greatest Islamic leader next to Muhammad himself. In their eyes, Bin Ladin is even greater than Saladin, the Islamic leader who expelled the Crusaders from Jerusalem in 1187.
It was Osama Bin Ladin who attacked America from his base in Afghanistan, and forced us to attack him there. He knew that although America had air power, we could never win in Afghanistan because the country is surrounded by our enemies in Iran and Pakistan. After spending billions of dollars, thousands of lives, and wasting 20 years, America suffered a defeat just as humiliating as the defeat suffered by the Turks in 1683. Just as the Turks never again threatened Christian Europe, the Wahabi leaders in Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and Afghanistan are convinced that America will never threaten them again. Therefore now they know they are safe to prepare for their next attack against us.
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Seth Grossman, Executive Director